Resolved; that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.
It is this resolution that is celebrated as Flag Day. Celebrations of the event began in the late nineteenth century, with the 1889 school program of George Balch, who ran a kindergarten for poor children in New York City, generally cited as the first such event. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed that June 14 should be observed as Flag Day. In a 1917 speech, President Wilson said:
We celebrate the day of the flag’s birth, and from its birth until now it has witnessed great history, has floated on high, the symbol of great events, of a great plan of life, worked out by a great people.
- Our Flag — Information from the Federal Citizen Information Center Home Page, including flag history, laws, regulations and etiquette
- The Flag of the United States of America — The U.S. Flag Home Page has graphics and text on all aspects of flag history and etiquette, including and account of the events surrounding the writing of the national anthem by Francis Scott Key and the story of Old Glory
- The Betsy Ross Home Page — This is the official site of the Betsy Ross House, and includes a good introduction to Flag Etiquette
- The American Flag — Flag history and etiquette along with patriotic songs and resources for kids.
- Flag Day 2013: 9 Things You Never Knew About the American Flag — Impress your friends with these flag-related facts
Celebrating Flag Day
- What is the Meaning of Flag Day in the United States — Tips for celebrating Flag Day from eHow.com
- Celebrate Flag Day — The History of Flag from About.com
- Flag Day Activities for Kids — Printables, worksheets and coloring pages to celebrate Flag Day from apples4theteacher.com
- Resources for Flag Day — Links to online resources for teacher from teachinghistory.org
Flag Day Book List
- Flag Day Picture Books — A selection of children’s picture books about the American flag and Betsy Ross, all linked to the NOBLE catalog
Articles about Flag Day
The following articles are only available to users of NOBLE member libraries. For home access, you will need to enter your library barcode.
- The origins of Flag Day — Social Studies, May/June, 1996.