The following resolution was adopted by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress at Philadelphia on June 14, 1777:
Resolved; that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.
It is this resolution that is celebrated as Flag Day. Celebrations of the event began in the late nineteenth century, with the 1889 school program of George Balch, who ran a kindergarten for poor children in New York City, generally cited as the first such event. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed that June 14 should be observed as Flag Day. In a 1917 speech, President Wilson said:
We celebrate the day of the flag’s birth, and from its birth until now it has witnessed great history, has floated on high, the symbol of great events, of a great plan of life, worked out by a great people.
- Our Flag — Information from the Federal Citizen Information Center Home Page, including flag history, laws, regulations and etiquette
- U.S. Flag Home Page — The U.S. Flag Home Page has graphics and text on all aspects of flag history and etiquette, including and account of the events surrounding the writing of the national anthem by Francis Scott Key and the story of Old Glory
- The Betsy Ross Home Page — This is the official site of the Betsy Ross House, and includes a good introduction to Flag Etiquette
- USA Flag Site — Flag history and etiquette along with patriotic songs and resources for kids.
Celebrating Flag Day
- How to Celebrate Flag Day — Tips for celebrating Flag Day from eHow.com
- Celebrate Flag Day — The History of Flag from About.com
Read All About It
- Flag Day Books for Kids — Check out our Pinterest board for some great holiday books for kids.
Articles about Flag Day
The following articles are only available to users of NOBLE member libraries. For home access, you will need to enter your library barcode.
- The origins of Flag Day — Social Studies, May/June, 1996.