Peabody, Elizabeth

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  • One of the famed "Peabody Sisters" of Salem, Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) was one of the most important women of her time.
  • She opened and ran two schools in Boston. She later opened and ran the nation's first kindergarten and was largely responsible for the spread of the kindergarten movement in America.
  • She was also a publisher, one of the first female publishers, printing anti-slavery tracts, children's books by Nathaniel Hawthorne (husband to her sister Sophia) and published, the Dial, a journal of the Transcendentalists who gathered at her Boston bookstore.
  • She thought it was important to improve the lives of women and minorities, and founded a school for orphaned children of former slaves.
  • She was an advocate of antislavery and of Transcendentalism.
  • After her death, friends opened the Elizabeth Peabody House, a combination social service agency and kindergarten in Boston, to carry on her work. It is still in operation today.
  • She is buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Concord, Massachusetts.

See Also

  • Vertical File in the Salem Collection- Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer