Abraham Lincoln, America’s sixteenth president, was born on February 12, 1809. A lawyer by training, Lincoln had a successful law practice in Springfield, Illinois and served in both the Illinois House and United States House of Representatives. Lincoln lost his bid for the United States Senate in 1858, but was elected President in 1860. His tenure was marked by the onset of the American Civil War which was triggered by the secession of several slave-holding Southern States from the Union upon his election as president. The bloody war lasted from April 1861 until the Spring of 1865, when the South surrendered. Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, just days after the wars’ end.
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